Gangra, Council of
- Local council held ca. 34l to condemn the followers of Eustathios of Sebasteia (q.v.). Eustathios's writings have not survived. However, since he became a metropolitan (q.v.) of Sebasteia subsequent to the council, it seems likely that he was more moderate in his beliefs than were his alleged followers. The Eustathians were condemned by the council for rejecting marriage and family life, rejecting a married priesthood, refusing to eat meat, fasting on the Lord's day, preaching that the rich would never enter Heaven, rejecting church rituals, and allowing women to dress like men. The records from the council's canons about these extremists provides the earliest information about monasticism in Asia Minor (qq.v.).
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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